[Indonesia] Unggah status di Facebook, wartawan lokal di Timika dikeroyok polisi (Local journalist beaten for Facebook post)

Unggah status di Facebook, wartawan lokal di Timika dikeroyok polisi
Tiga kasus kekerasan di Papua dalam satu bulan

Saldi Hermanto | Photo by Fabio

Saldi Hermanto, wartawan yang bekerja di sebuah situs berita nasional Okezone dan redaktur koran lokal, Salam Papua, di Mimika, Provinsi Papua, dikeroyok segerombolan polisi, Sabtu malam (11 November 2017).

Saldi dikeroyok usai mengunggah sebuah status di media sosial Facebook pada hari yang sama. Status tersebut dia unggah sebagai bentuk protes terhadap polisi yang menangani ricuh pasar malam — aktivitas hiburan rakyat — di Lapangan Timika Indah, dengan menggeluarkan tembakan, menurut laporan Aliansi Jurnalis Independen (AJI) Kota Jayapura.

Karena tembakan tersebut, Saldi yang saat itu sedang menonton pasar malam bersama dua anaknya panik dan berlari. Mereka terjatuh. Kekesalan itu yang membuat Saldi melontarkan kritik melalui Facebook.

Ketika kasus ini terjadi, Mimika sedang menjadi sorotan nasional akibat baku tembak antara polisi dengan Kelompok Kriminal Bersenjata (KKB) di Kampung Banti dan Kimbeli, Distrik Tembagapura, yang berjarak sekitar 64 kilo meter dari ibukota Mimika. Mimika adalah sebuah daerah yang cukup berkembang, kaya akan sumberdaya mineral, salah satunya emas, yang dikelola PT Freeport Indonesia, anak perusahaan Freeport Mc Moran yang berbasis di Phoenix, USA. Polisi menuding telah terjadi penyanderan 1.300 warga di kampung Banti yang kemudian dibantah KKB. Ketegangan di daerah itu masih berlangsung.

Akibat kritik itu, Saldi dijemput paksa sekitar 6 sampai 8 orang polisi di sebuah kedai kopi dekat Kantor Satuan Lalu Lintas Polres Mimika, masih berada di lingkungan Timika Indah, yang biasa dijadikan tempat nonkrong para wartawan.

Saldi mengambarkan polisi yang menjemputnya menggunakan seragam lengkap, menenteng senjata laras panjang dan tak menunjukkan surat penangkapan ketika menjemputnya.

Dalam perjalanan menuju pos polisi terpadu, yang tak jauh dari lokasi pasar malam, Saldi mulai mengalami kekerasan. Ia ditampar satu kali diatas mobil patroli. Tiba di pos terpadu, ia dipukul lagi.

Kekerasan tidak berhenti disitu, ketika turun dari mobil, Saldi kembali dipukul dan ditendang berkali-kali, termasuk oleh polisi yang berada di pos tersebut. Saldi masih dipukul sambil diinterogasi ketika sudah berada di dalam pos.

“Saya dikeroyok oleh sekitar enam sampai delapan orang di pos itu. Sampai di Kantor Polres Mimika, saya masih dipukuli oleh anggota Brimob di pos penjagaan,” kata Saldi seperti dikutip Antara.

Menurut Pewarta Foto Indonesia wilayah Mimika — sebuah organisasi perkumpulan jurnalis foto, dari pos tersebut, Saldi sempat mau dipindahkan ke Polsek di dalam kota. Namun urung dan akhirnya dibawa ke Kantor Kepolisian Resort Mimika.

Di kantor Polres, Saldi kembali dipukul seorang polisi yang diidentifikasi sebagai anggota Brimob. Disana ia diancam bakal dijerat dengan Undang-Undang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik nomor 11 tahun 2008.

Akibat kekerasan beruntun tersebut, Saldi mengalami luka di bagian kiri wajah dan leher. Wajahnya bengkak dan lebam. Tulang rusuknya juga sakit dan kesulitan bernafas.

Saldi telah melakukan visum et repertum dan menyatakan akan melanjutkan kasus ini ke jalur hukum.

Sementara itu sejumlah organisasi pers di Jayapura, ibukota provinsi Papua, dan Timika mengadvokasi kasus ini. Senin siang, sekitar 50 wartawan berunjuk rasa ke Polres Mimika meminta kasus ini diusut dan pelaku dihukum pidana.

Unjuk rasa wartawan Mimika mendesak Kepolisian setempat mengusut tuntas kasus pengeroyokan oleh polisi terhadap Saldi Hemanto, Senin (Mimika journalists support Saldi) | Photo by Fabio

Dalam perkembangan terbaru, Selasa, Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah (DPRD) Kabupaten Mimika — lembaga legislatif daerah setempat — memanggil Kapolres Mimika AKBP Victor Mackbon untuk memberi penjelasan mengenai kekerasan yang dilakukan anak buahnya.

Dihadapan para anggota DPRD, Mackbon menyatakan telah memeriksa 13 anggotanya yang diduga terkait pemukulan tersebut, namun hanya 8 orang diantaranya yang memiliki cukup bukti dan telah ditahan.

Kepolisian menyatakan selain memproses pengeroyokan tersebut menggunakan kode etik profesi, mereka juga akan dibawa ke jalur pidana atau dijerat pasal pengeroyokan dengan ancaman hukuman 5 tahun 6 bulan penjara. Meski begitu kepolisian menyatakan belum bisa memperkirakan lama waktu yang dibutuhkan penyidik untuk menuntaskan kasus tersebut.

Sejak awal November 2017, telah terjadi 3 kasus terkait kebebasan berekspresi dan kekerasan terhadap jurnalis di Provinsi Papua dan dan Papua Barat. Kasus pertama menimpa seorang penulis cilik, jurnalis warga, berumur 13 tahun di Wamena, Papua. Ia dihukum berlutut oleh kepala sekolahnya karena menulis dan menyiarkan berita upacara bendera di sebuah radio RRI lokal. Berikutnya, kekerasan terhadap jurnalis Kompas TV Sorong di Kota Sorong, Papua Barat, yang meliput acara Kreatif Anak Muda Hip Hop dan Dancer dan yang terbaru menimpa Saldi.

 

 

Local journalist beaten for Facebook post
Third incident of violence in Papua within a month

 

Saldi Hermanto was beaten by police last Saturday (11 November 2017) night after criticizing their response to a commotion at a local night market.

Saldi, a journalist working for national news website Okezone and editor of the local newspaper in Papua province Salam Papua, was beaten after he was picked up by police for his Facebook status.

According to an Aliansi Jurnalis Independen (Alliance of Independent Journalists, AJI) Jayapura report, the status Saldi uploaded was a form of protest against the police who fired shots to deal with a chaos at a local night market — a common entertainment activity area for the people.

Saldi, who was at the night market with his two children, panicked and ran because of the incident. They fell. That annoyance urged Saldi to voice his criticism through Facebook.

At the time of the incident, Mimika was experiencing tension arising from a shootout between police and an armed criminal group (kelompok kriminal kersenjata – KKB) in Kampung Banti and Kimbeli, Tembagapura District, which is about 64 kilometers from the capital Mimika, a fairly developed area and rich in mineral resources including gold, mined by the PT Freeport Indonesia mining company. Police were accusing that 1,300 residents in the village of Banti were held hostage, which was later denied by the KKB. The tension in the area is still ongoing.

As a result of the online criticism, Saldi was forcefully picked up by six to eight policemen at a coffee stall near the Mimika Police Traffic Unit office in the Timika Indah neighborhood — which used to be a journalists’ hangout.

Saldi described the policemen who picked him up as wearing complete uniform, carrying a long rifles. They did not show him any arrest warrant as they took him.

On the way to a police post not far from the night market, Saldi was slapped once in the patrol car. When they arrived at the post, he was hit again.

The violence did not end there. When he got off the car, Saldi was beaten and kicked repeatedly, including by the police stationed at the post. Police continued to beat up Saldi as he was interrogated inside the post.

“I was beaten by about six to eight people at the post. As I arrived at the Mimika Police Station, I was still being beaten by members of Brimob (Police Mobile Brigade Corps) at the guard post,” Saldi said as quoted by news agency Antara.

According to Pewarta Foto Indonesia (Indonesian Photojournalist) — an association of photojournalists, Saldi was initially going to be brought to the sector police in the city from the post. However in the end, Saldi was brought to the Mimika Resort Police Office.

At the Resort Police Office, Saldi was again beaten by a policeman, who was identified as member of the Brimob. There Saldi was threatened to be charged using the Indonesian Information and Electronic Transaction Act.

As a result of the beating, Saldi suffered injuries to the left side of the face and neck. His face was also swollen and bruised. His ribs were also hurt and he had difficulty breathing.

Saldi underwent forensic medical examination (visum et repertum) and declared that he will continue with the legal proceedings.

Meanwhile, a number of press organizations in Jayapura, the provincial capital of Papua, and Timika support the call for case prosecution at a rally on November 13. About 50 journalists assembled at the Mimika police station asking for the case to be investigated and the perpetrators sentenced.

Later, the Mimika Local Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah – DPRD Mimika) summoned the Chief of the Mimika Resort Police Office AKBP Victor Mackbon to present an explanation regarding the violence done by his subordinates.

In front of the DPRD, Mackbon stated that he has conducted examination on 13 policemen suspected to be involved in the beating, but had evidence against only eight, who were already detained.

The police said that in addition to processing the case using the police professional codes of ethics, the perpetrators would also be charged under a Penal Code article, which carries a maximum five years and six months of imprisonment. However, the police have not been able to estimate how long it would take for the investigator to complete the case.

Since early November 2017, there have been three cases of violence related to free expression and against journalists in Papua and West Papua provinces including Saldi’s. The first incident involved a 13-year-old citizen journalist in Wamena, Papua. He was punished to kneel by the school principal for writing and broadcasting the flag ceremony on local Radio of Republic of Indonesia (RRI). The second was a violence against a journalist from Kompas TV Sorong in the city of Sorong, West Papua. He reported a Creative Youth Hip-Hop and Dance event.